As cloud computing and its benefits are getting proven, Enterprises have started giving serious thoughts about changing their IT Landscape to adopt cloud computing. From Proof of Concepts to full scale cloud implementation Organizations are in various stages of Cloud Adoption journey. Each stage has its own challenges and solutions.
Cloud Computing is an evolution that has come of an age due to the Convergence of Internet, Virtualization technologies and Service oriented Architecture ecosystem.
The players in the Cloud Computing space have also aligned themselves to three major offerings of cloud i.e. SaaS, PaaS and IaaS. Due to the immense competition amongst the players the overall ecosystem reaps maximum benefits to cloud computing users.
The benefits of Cloud adoption are many, CIO’s, CTO’s & IT heads of organizations have started realizing and are devising strategies on how they can exploit these features to benefit the organization and improve bottom lines.
Benefits of Adopting Cloud Computing
- On Demand Scaling
- Operation Expenses in place or Capital Expenses
- Pay per use pricing
SaaS provides its users with the agility and flexibility that enables them to focus on business and product innovations without worrying about operational issues. Organizations achieve faster entry into the new markets.
Challenges in Adopting Cloud Computing
It is widely accepted that adoption of cloud cannot be done overnight. Thorough planning and management is needed to have successful implementations within the organizations. Let any other paradigm shift Adoption of Cloud Computing has its own challenges. Making decisions regarding implementations of enterprise IT systems is complicated due to the intricate interrelationships between people and technology that decision makers must contend with.
Many organizations are in the transition period and feel that decisions need to be made with respect to the cloud adoption in the enterprise. However a thorough planning is needed to answer the challenges that an organization may face. Organization must plan for
- Socio Political issues that may arise due to the outsourcing of their backend computing requirements
- Security: How will you protect your data in the cloud? What’s the right level of recovery and manageability in your organization? What security controls should you inject? Who will have access? Should you use data tokenization? How will you migrate your data?
- Regulation: If the cloud customer operates in the United States, Canada or the European Union, there are numerous regulatory requirements they have to meet. These include Control Objectives for Information and related Technology and Safe Harbor. These laws might relate to where the data is stored or transferred, as well as how well this data is protected from a confidentiality aspect. Certain industry verticals like healthcare and insurance have to follow strict confidentiality laws.
- Governance: Who should do what, When and how is a major questions that need to be answered from the perspective of Corporate Governance, IT Governance and Lifecycle Management
- Scale Out Applications: Current business applications are focused on “scale-up” architecture instead of “scale out” architecture. Most of the web application typically has Scale out. However, re-architecturing might be required for computationally complex tasks and massive data processing using distributed processing
- Integration : In a hybrid cloud scenario, applications running on cloud will require integration with applications running on-premise. A robust integration platform needs to be designed to facilitate such integration. SOA plays a critical role in minimizing integration challenges
- Vendor Lock-in: Due to lack of any open standards, Enterprises run a risk of being locked in with one vendor.
Due to the lack of any particular formula of success, Organizations face of serious threat to their cloud initiative unless planned otherwise. A planned cloud adoption strategy when implemented with a carefully crafted Governance framework will eliminate the aforesaid risks and lead maximum benefits to the organization